Today I read a paper titled “Automatic Pattern Classification by Unsupervised Learning Using Dimensionality Reduction of Data with Mirroring Neural Networks”
The abstract is:
This paper proposes an unsupervised learning technique by using Multi-layer Mirroring Neural Network and Forgy’s clustering algorithm.
Multi-layer Mirroring Neural Network is a neural network that can be trained with generalized data inputs (different categories of image patterns) to perform non-linear dimensionality reduction and the resultant low-dimensional code is used for unsupervised pattern classification using Forgy’s algorithm.
By adapting the non-linear activation function (modified sigmoidal function) and initializing the weights and bias terms to small random values, mirroring of the input pattern is initiated.
In training, the weights and bias terms are changed in such a way that the input presented is reproduced at the output by back propagating the error.
The mirroring neural network is capable of reducing the input vector to a great degree (approximately 1/30th the original size) and also able to reconstruct the input pattern at the output layer from this reduced code units.
The feature set (output of central hidden layer) extracted from this network is fed to Forgy’s algorithm, which classify input data patterns into distinguishable classes.
In the implementation of Forgy’s algorithm, initial seed points are selected in such a way that they are distant enough to be perfectly grouped into different categories.
Thus a new method of unsupervised learning is formulated and demonstrated in this paper.
This method gave impressive results when applied to classification of different image patterns.