Have been doing a lot of optimization work for a couple of clients lately and a large majority of my billable hours break down in to “staring at a progress bar”, “figuring out why a progress bar isn’t moving fast enough” and “figuring out why the progress bar no longer moves.”
An interesting claim “We developed this helicopter in just six months.”
Designed? Or developed?
I suspect that certain aspects of the helicopter were designed and developed 10 times faster.
Or even faster than that.
But then many other aspects of the development took just as long.
The video claims, and we can assume based on other statements made by companies over the years that a modern helicopter takes five years of development work
Are we to presume that the entire endeavour was truly done in just six months?
This is their claim.
I don’t think it holds water.
Yes, I suspect the cockpit layout and some of the outer skin was designed in just six months.
VR speeds up the process of that because you don’t have to “cut metal” and then assemble everything.
You can figure out “does this part of the fuselage block the pilot’s view? Should we move it back a little?”
An IDE (Interactive Development Environment), an electronics circuit simulator, a 3D printer, Maya, Mudbox, ZBrush, Photoshop, and all of APIs and frameworks and extensions, along with many other tools that we have today enable us to perform magic that 40 years ago when I started my career would have been considered next to impossible.
To quote myself, “We could not build a modern computer or even the software to run on that modern computer fifty years ago because we did not have the tools to design the tools that would build the tools that would make the computer that would let us write the software.”
VR is an enabling technology.
I think VR and AR are going to change the landscape of how we design products.
It will enable engineers and designers to create products we cannot even yet dream of. VR, like all our other tools of wonder, will allow us to do ten times more things in the same amount of time it would take to do just one thing, and yes, somethings will be done ten times faster, but our pace of development, procurement, approval, and processes, no matter how fantastic the tool, will still have certain inherent limitations until we change those processes as well.
Shout out to Unity3D at 1:13 in the above video.
I believe there is a strong correlation between people who don’t pay attention in school and negative Amazon reviews.
Reading the reviews of magnets on Amazon is enlightening because what goes through my mind is “Magnets! How do they fucking work?!?”
I weep the for human race when someone applies a magnet to a “magnetic surface” like the thin metal wall of a refrigerator with a slick surface and then complain that the magnet cannot hold the rated weight. Or any weight.
I understand that not everyone is mechanically minded and the world is a complex and fascinating place of seeming juxtapositions but if you do not understand that magnets are stronger in one direction, and require something to adhere to that has substance, but weak in the sliding/shearing direction, or weak when sat on a thin ferrous metal surface, or don’t work at all with non-ferrous metals, then I can only conclude that you were not paying attention in science class in school because it is “boring.”
Also, if you had told me 30 years ago that hundreds of people would…
1. Leave detailed reviews, with explanatory pictures, of refrigerator magnets
2. Have people refute or support those reviews with further details and pictures and diagrams
3. Argue over the subtleties of the different types of magnets
4. And have a customer service representative answer questions about how to properly use the magnets
…I would have told you to put down the hash pipe and come back to the real world.
And yet, here we are.
Not only with glowing or damning reviews about a pack of magnets costing a few dollars, but me, thinking long and hard about the human condition of people who write reviews about magnets.
Long-ish personal anecdote.
Went to help my brother collect his new RV yesterday.
The drive wasn’t any longer than an SF to LA or SF to Portland run, which I’ve done quite literally hundreds of times, but oh boy, do I hurt today.
I feel like I have been hauling sheet goods back and forth in the workshop all day.
I don’t get that at all.
On the way home I stopped at Woodcraft and picked up some Freud router bits for some custom cabinetry I am building.
Which got me to thinking about intellectual property.
The packaging is obviously covered by copyright laws.
The user manual is covered by copyright laws.
How the packaging works is covered by patent law.
The Freud logo is covered by trademark law.
The router bits themselves are covered by no less…
than patent law for how they cut
than trademark law for their distinctive Freud red colour
than copyright law for the shape of the router profile.
Which is crazy!
Once you throw away the accoutrement of the product, i.e. the manual, the storage carton, the sticky warning labels, what you are left with is a chunk of metal that were I to recklessly melt it down in the workshop would be worth just a few cents.
At what point does a lump of metal start to be protected by law once it has been shaped?
It is interesting to observe that throughout human history society has tried to engender gender into everyday things.
Girls and boys clothing
Girls and boys colours (pink and blue in the latter half of the 20th century in the west)
Girls and boys toys (cars and dolls)
Girls and boys words and speech patterns
Girls and boys cars (automobiles)
Girls and boys careers
Girls and boys sports
Girls and boys hobbies
Girls and boys room décor
Girls and boys technology (to a degree)
The only thing we have not yet separated, but have taken a darn few good stabs at, is food.
Probably because girls and boys, to a man, have universally said “Fuck your salad, stay the fuck away from my rare steak.”
Read that lengthy Atlantic article. I’ll wait. Read it? Good. Let’s proceed.
“That is insane.” was a common complaint.
Watch the documentary of “The Land” by Erin Davis and read the article.
At the end, my wife and I turned to each other and chorused.
“No! That is fucking awesome!”
I strongly believe we are heading to a crisis within American (and UK) industry, science and technology due to the over-protective parenting style.
We want better for our kids, and “better” equates as safer in a lot of our culture when it comes to our future.
But “safer” isn’t “better” when the outcome 40 years later is worse because we no longer have children who are now adults who are willing to take risks and “figure it out on their own.”
And then we lose.
We lose because future industry leaders in other cultures won’t have that risk averse nature.
We lose because future industry leaders in other cultures will be willing to figure it out on their own.
We lose because future industry leaders in other cultures are willing to experiment.
We lose because future industry leaders in other cultures are willing to set fire to things.
And we lose because future industry leaders understand that there isn’t anybody ready to swoop in and save them from themselves.
Getting good grades shows proficiency.
Getting a good grade doesn’t demonstrate to the world that you can effectively deploy what you have learned.
We would hope it does, but study after study has demonstrated that academic achievements bear little relation to later success in life.
I think education should concern itself more with teaching people how to apply an area of knowledge to solve a problem rather than just making sure the person has the knowledge.
The problem is, its very easy to teach a subject through rote learning and then test and measure a student’s recall of the lessons than it is to teach a student how to use knowledge and information to make the world better.
The easy option measures your ability to teach someone how to recall simple facts.
The hard option measures how effective the student can be after you have taught them to think.
If you want to purchase any appliance online, the search results from Google unfortunately look like a bunch of spam emails trying to sell you shit you don’t want by people who have never tried out the product.
I see two dramatic forces operating in the world.
On the one hand people are very interested in what their interests are and the global internet has facilitated that.
And on the other hand people are very interested in what their neighbours are getting up to and the global internet has facilitated that too.
We’ve always had these two forces going on.
Which way the needle is pointing is indicative of the level of fear within a culture that dictates what we’re using the global internet for.
I attribute my voracious book reading, movie watching and music listening habit to my first girlfriend.
Not because she was an inspiration to me.
But because she was an absolute fucking bitch who repeatedly belittled me for not being well-read nor culturally aware, and chastised me about how slow (of thought) and uneducated I was at the time.
*sigh* The crap we are willing to tolerate when we are
young, stupid and in love.
I have to warn you now, eating fried onions and baked beans as a chaser to a raw fruit smoothie of berries and bananas is not an ideal combination.
Now I know what people mean when they say “I think I just threw up a little in my mouth.”
The chaser wasn’t intentional. I was cooking onions for tonight’s dinner of French Onion soup and having baked beans (on toast) for lunch.
After many years of studying a variety of subjects I have come to the conclusion that education itself isn’t inherently boring, it is the people that teach that make education boring.
I begin almost every blog post I write with “So which fucking retard decided…” and then riff on how something came to be, my observations about the situation, or what the perceived problem is.
Then I go back and remove the opening words.
Making sausages is not a pretty sight to behold, but the outcome of the process is often something tantalising and savoury.
The reason that I am good with kids is because by the end of the day I always make sure to give them back to their parents.
I’m the cool uncle/friend of family that just does the fun (and sometimes dangerous) stuff.
And we don’t have to clean up afterwards.
Now I understand why grandparents are loved so much.
It is amazing to me what you can purchase through Amazon.
I just ordered:
- A bag of cat litter
- Two op-amps
- A half-dozen titanium rods
- Two Cadbury’s chocolate bars from the UK
- A roll of 3D printer filament
- And an 8oz block of copper for machining.
Expected delivery is tomorrow morning.
Think about this…
There are children living in one of the most advanced societies in the world eating nothing but takeout or food that didn’t solely come from a box.
There are children who do not know what it is like to eat a meal where a large proportion of the food did not come from a can or a box.
There are children who do not know what it is like to eat a meal where everything was prepared from the basic ingredients.
When will the kitchen, the physical room, be considered an obsolete concept and just disappear from modern dwellings?
A bureaucracy may appear to be unassailable, but it is persistence that beats it every time.
The internet is filled with the cacophony of a billion people all screaming at the top of their lungs with lessons on how to do the simplest of things.
This street bazaar of the trivial and banal overlays a single lone whisper telling you how to do the complex and complicated.
Only poor people wear brands.
And only the vacuous care about them.
Amazon reviews are always enlightening.
I am always bemused by people expecting to get a professional $4,000 drill press for $140 that can drill titanium.
A professional kitchen/commercial food processor for $200 that can grade 4lb of cheese at once.
A top-of-the-line gaming laptop that will run Call of Duty on ultra settings for $600.
But then, just as absurd, are the reviewers unable to comprehend how to use a pack of pie weights for baking a pie dish correctly without a 30 page instruction manual.
The review of a standard 6ft HDMI cable with the author complaining that the instructions were not clear which end should go in the TV and which end goes in the DVD player leave me questioning their sanity and their veracity.
P.S. “It’s green, with shades of brown, and most of the shit you find there wants to kill you.”
So many crappy memes and linkbait images on LinkedIn today I swore I had type in 9gag to the address bar.
I really do think LinkedIn is starting to turn the corner on its useful as a business network.
When you interrupt a programmer and they respond with “WHAT?!?” or don’t even pay attention to you, they’re not being rude to you.
Point 1: They probably haven’t even heard you.
But most importantly;
Point 2: That “WHAT?!?” any programmer who is focused on their task just responded with as though you are the last person on Earth they want to see, is actually the programmer restarting their speech centers.
Programmers, and all creators who get in the zone, and it even happens to people who deep read, cycle down the “polite discourse and capable speech for a functioning society” part of their brain when it is not being used. It’s a speech app that got unloaded from memory because it wasn’t needed. The first few seconds of responsiveness you get from someone in the zone are the primal speech patterns responding because they boot up faster and come on-line sooner. The “polite society” module takes longer to load (it’s really bloated because it was designed by committee) so the first responses can be an affront to what you consider “professional behaviour.”
You should no more expect a civil response, that part of a programmer’s brain just doesn’t exist at that moment, than you should expect a cat to show you affection – again, that part of the cat’s brain just doesn’t exist.
I honestly believe that most modern homes are designed by young architects who focus on sex more than utility.
I know this to be true because the master bedroom is large and impressive and convenient to having lots of sex (or at least, imagined sex if the architect had someone to have sex with) but is impractical for all other purposes.
It is the only explanation for wasting 20% to 25% of a home’s space to a place that you merely sleep in.
How to spot a fake service dog?
Is the dog leading or is the person leading?
If the dog is leading, especially when the person isn’t walking forward, i.e. the dog wants to move forward and lead the person, but the person doesn’t need to be lead, that is, they are capable of self-navigation, then it probably isn’t a service dog.
I judge people by their supposed service animals.
If you have a service animal in a jacket, with lots of patches, you are declaring to the world, service animal.
But I notice that the louder people declare something, the less true it usually is.
How to spot a “fake service dog?”
Watch the handler.
If the person handling the service dog isn’t treating the dog like a part of them, it is a sure bet that its not a service dog, though not always guaranteed.
It is so very easy these days to have an opinion on something.
I note that it is still quite difficult, though, to form one (an opinion) for yourself.
I have a love-hate relationship with service animals in the US.
On the one hand, love because I am able to have a trained anxiety service dog for PTSD which I never would have had access to in the UK.
Hate because everyone you meet has a service animal (most of them untrained), festooned in badges and patches and a garish little jacket declaring they are a service dog when the dog’s training is evidently deficient.
Do you vote for the vah-jay-jay?
Do you vote for the Jew?
Do you always end up voting,
For people like you?
Do you vote for the black?
Or the homo on crack?
Whether you live in a mansion
Or a rustic old shack
Who are you voting for?
Is it someone like you?
Someone like those?
Or someone like them?
Is it someone who walks funny
But can turn out their toes?
Who are you voting for?
You’re voting for you, that’s who!
The pollsters step out,
And the votes roll on in,
It doesn’t matter who else is voting,
For the radical, the incumbent, or a drinker named Drew
There’s only one way to vote and you’re voting for you
Who can shout loudest?
Who can talk longest?
Who can stand widest?
Whilst tapping their shoe?
Who are they voting for?
Are they voting for you?
Which way will the vote go, nobody knows,
Whether you elect you, me or them or those.
Or only elect these that can turn out their toes,
and maybe, just maybe, turn up their nose.
It doesn’t matter if you vote for a fox,
Or you cast your one vote for his little red box.
It doesn’t matter if you vote for a cat,
Or you tick your one vote because of his hat
It doesn’t matter which way you vote,
The only thing that you should really note,
Is that you just get out there, and vote!
P.S. If you’re offended, you’re the one with the problem.
A really bad joke that was 20 years in making.
In today’s modern age, to put oneself out there publicly or creatively is to subject yourself to an unwelcome entourage of Fedora bearing internet denizens with both an opinion and a correction pen.
But I repeat myself.
The place where everyone gets to have an opinion (valid or not) about your opinion (valid or not).
The gatekeepers of education have for a long time put a rubber stamp on the knowledge they have imparted to you.
Credentials show the world what you know. Even if you already knew it, that little piece of approval gives legitimacy to that knowledge.
But that little piece of paper doesn’t really show that you know it either. It merely indicates that you had the opportunity to be exposed to the knowledge at some point in time at some appointed location.
Slowly we have moved from “we will teach you more because we have greater knowledge (look at all of our books) than you can acquire on your own” to “your greater knowledge is irrelevant without our approval.”
When we wake up and stop paying homage to credentialism, the end for traditional verification of knowledge will come swiftly, and those institutions that are not willing to keep up, will also end swiftly.
When someone screams for equality, you only have to ask them one question to know if it is equality for just themselves or is it equality for everyone that they are seeking.
“Are you willing to step aside for a less-privileged minority than yourself?”
People used to keep diaries.
They would secretly hide their diary away.
And become positively murderous should anyone have the temerity to read the entries.
Now people put their entire lives online.
And get irate and depressed when people ignore them.
At the recent BayCon Science Fiction & Fantasy convention held in San Mateo California I had the pleasure of being moderator on several panels, one of these, which took place on Sunday afternoon, was “The Top Ten Gadgets That Changed The World.”
I captured notes on my laptop and recorded audio with my Olympus DS-40 voice recorder. I apologise but the batteries ran down on my DS-40 ran down about 10 minutes before the end of the panel so we are missing the final debate
The debate was lively and at times, loud with full audience participation.
The notes below are direct from the ones I took at the panel with no editing, so it includes spelling mistakes and poor grammar.
If you want to sweat about your typing and spelling, try writing live on to a video display projected in front of 200 people whilst holding down a conversation too.
Philip Gust – CEO of software co. Inventor/Gadgeteer
Lee Felsenstein – Designer of lost computers.
Jay Freeman – Scientist and player
Justin Lloyd (moderator) – video game developer.
The “aye, “no” and “on the fence” at the end of each entry were added in the last few minutes using a democratic process of getting the audience to shout out whether they thought the gadget was worthy of being in the top ten list. Unfortunately we ran out of time to actually sort the list into a top ten.
- Transistor – aye (Jay Freeman)
- Wright Flyer – aye (Jay Freeman)
- Apple II – on the fence (Jay Freeman)
- Portable Phone – yes (Jay Freeman)
- AK47 – on the fence (Jay Freeman)
- Credit Card – no (Jay Freeman)
- Television – yes
- Movies -on the fence
- Model T – yes
- Meteorological Satellites – yes
- Liquid Fueled Rocket Motor – on the fence (Jay Freeman)
- Flip-flop – on the fence (Lee Felsenstein)
- Cell phone/Mobile Phone – yes (Justin Lloyd/Lee Felsenstein)
- Bloody PC – on the fence (Lee Felsenstein)
- Raster Scan CRT – huh? (Lee Felsenstein)
- Electronic Hand Calculator yes (Philip Gust)
- VCR/Tivo – yes (Philip Gust)
- Answering Machine – on the fence (Philip Gust)
- Car Radio – no (Philip Gust)
- Univac 1 – no (Philip Gust)
- GPS – yes (Philip Gust)
- GPS – yes (Justin Lloyd)
- iPod – no (Justin Lloyd)
- Air Conditioner – yes (Justin Lloyd)
- Candidate- “Aluminium based anti-perspirant”, aerosal can – on the fence
- Candidate – photocopier – yes
- Candidate – Post-It notes on the fence
- Candidate – RADAR – yes
- Candidate – Search engine “Altavista” – no
- Candidate – White out/Tippex/Liquid paper – no
- Candidate – Super glue – no
Lee Felsenstein – What is a classic design?
Where is the gee whiz factor?
Definition of PC/Univac/Apple II
Candidate – Scanning Tunneling Microscope, precursor to molecular microscope – on the fence
Candidate – Apollo programme – no
Candidate – Atomic bomb – yes
Is a transistor a gadget? But the transistor radio?
Pentode tube – huh
Candidate – Heterodyne Receiver – on the fence
Model T – First breakout automobile product, like the iPod.
Car Radio – made family road trips practical and tolerable, radio was their entertainment, larger captive advertising audience.
Liquid Fueled Rocket Motor – It lead to the Apollo programme.
GPS – changing the future, guided bombs, UAV, cell phone location spam
Candidate – Microwave oven, LCD, LED – yes
Candidate – Nylons, synthetic fabrics, “ropes” – on the fence
Candidate – LASER – yes
Explanation – AK47 – enabling tech for revolution
Is 100 years enough?
Candidate – Portable PC – yes
Candidate – CNC – yes
Candidate – Carbonless copy paper – no
Candidate – Autonomous and industrial robots – yes
What will be the future gadgets?
Batteries that never discharge
Audio recording & notes will be available at http://www.otakunozoku.com/
What ten gadgets changed the fannish world?
What are the best ten gadgets of all time?
Mike Hammond tries not to get in to any pick-up groups while driving because it’s a distraction, but in a pinch, when his guild really needs him to log on his level 110 Night Elf Priest or off-tank with his Feral Druid, he’s ready to take up the call to arms.
“I think everybody has those little guild emergencies,” the 46-year-old Long Island resident said.
Whether it’s a guild emergency, a lowbie character needing help to complete a quest in Duskwood or a chance to just earn some loot, more people are playing games on Microsoft Windows Automotive than ever before.
Statewide and locally, the number of crashes in which a games playing automotive computer was a contributing factor has been increasing since 2019. Trident County has had three traffic fatalities linked to MMORPGs between 20018 and 2023.
“I think every police department realizes it’s another distraction out there,” Regional Police Chief William Mahone said.
His department investigated one of the fatal crashes in which a teenager was raiding in a pick-up group when the car she was driving lost internet connectivity causing her game client to log her off of the server. Rather than waiting for the server to attempt a reconnect William Mahone believes that the client log files show that she attempted to manually reconnect and that caused enough distraction for her to swerve across the median into oncoming traffic.
At 50 mph, a car travels 225 ft every three seconds, about the length of one game tick in World of Warcraft, said Marcus Haight, director of the Center for Traffic Safety which serves Trident County.
“If you’re waiting for a spell cool down from a Greater Heal or AoE damage spell then that time you are glancing at your HoT bar is time you are not spending looking at the road ahead,” he said.
Adam Fritz, a long-distance truck driver from Los Angeles has a different viewpoint on the matter. “It’s not like I’m dual boxing when I’m operating my truck,” he said, “I save that for when I’m at home. The biggest distraction for me is making sure no stinking Alliance try to interfere with our world boss kill.”
Others also don’t see the harm in game playing while driving, “Lumines 7” is a popular casual game amongst soccer moms that puts the user in to a meditative state.
Jenny Polo put it succinctly, “I don’t play those distracting MMORPGs, I just don’t see the appeal, though my kids do. But when I’m running them back and forth to school I need something to take my mind off of the squabbling in the backseats over whether they watch Little Mermaid 12 or Little Mermaid 15 on the in-car entertainment system. There’s just no harm in catching a few Pokemon or matching a few colours as I shuttle them around between practice.”
A pet peeve of mine, and of many of my friends is people who talk on cellphones while driving.
I’m not talking about straight line driving.
I’m talking about people negotiating intersections, pedestrian cross-walks and very busy town centers where motor vehicles, bicycles and pedestrians are apt to “appear out of nowhere.” States are now attempting to ban driver distractions.
A few weeks ago I jokingly mentioned to several friends that some time in the next two decades, as on-the-go high bandwidth communications and in-car computers become more ubiquitous, states will begin enacting laws that ban drivers from playing MMORPGs while operating a motor vehicle. And of course we can expect the usual public outcry from drivers who insist that they are fully capable of operating a motor vehicle while off-tanking/off-healing for a full 40-man raid on their high level Bloodelf Paladin.
Seth Godin has noticed a spate of flute playing around his area, and whilst I’ve never seen this personally, I have seen people balacing a coffee on the knee, cell phone glued to their ear with one hand and a contract or script propped up on the steering wheel that they are reading through as they make their way to the office in pouring rain along the I405 all the time travelling at high speed close to the vehicle in front of them.
I am of the mind that blogs are an abomination.
They promote linear thinking, throwaway content, idle distractions and sidetracks to the author, incoherent thought, and worst of all, a drive to try and date everything.
Who cares if a piece of sage advice, timeless in its observation, immensely practical and applicable to almost any person living, was penned 50 years ago or on the bus this morning.
P.S. I recognise the irony in this post, but to be fair, this blog is actually the digital output of my personal diary.
I am firm believer that the world needs more engineers, medical doctors, educators and artists.
We need more people doing the hard work of building, creating, keeping people alive and mentoring the next generation.
And we need less people doing the easy work of businessman, lawyer and politician where they get to tell other people what to do.
In video games, just like in all other products of human toil, 90% of everything is crap.
90% of the games today are crap.
90% of the games in the 1980’s were crap.
The reason the games in the 1980s were so much better is that there were so many games being made (they were cheaper and quicker but no means easier) and therefore, there were more good games being made than bad games being made.
But 90% of them were still crap.
Are we equal in all endeavours and adversities?
Or only equal so long as it isn’t inconvenient to be equal?
I am a firm believer that every person throughout history has believed that “if only people would do what I say, life would be fantastic.”
Well we all know where that kind of thinking leads.
The teenage expression “I can’t even” is just last generation’s “Well I never.”
Everybody talks about how smart Amazon.com is about their page design.
If Amazon were really as smart as everybody thinks, how come their homepage doesn’t immediately put the input focus in the product search box when you first open their website?
Never trust a man who invents an operating system and gives it away for free.
That kind of thinking can change the world.
And you’d better be prepared to change because operating systems usually come with an army of zealots insisting you use it too.
I don’t want this to sound like a linguist statement or anything but…
Modern colloquialisms make us all crazy. And with the growth and popularization of the internet, we actually get to watch language evolve in near real-time.
Drihten me reat, ne byth me nanes godes wan.
And he me geset on swythe good feohland.
And fedde me be waetera stathum.
Our Lord gourneth me, and nothyng shal defailen to me.
In the sted of pastur he sett me ther.
He norissed me upon water of fyllyng.
The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want.
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures.
He leadeth me beside the still waters.
The Lord is my shepherd, I lack nothing.
He lets me lie down in green pastures.
He leads me to still waters.
teh lord iz mai homie don wan no nuffin
o shit waddup tek dat chill wit mi bae
fam drank dat thang
Very Far Future
It’s just a bunch of emoji pictograms unintelligible to modern audiences.
The future sounds moronic. But… if we had the ability to talk with someone who only understood Middle English, they’d think we’re the idiots.
Language evolves, and annoying and as crazy as it makes us, basically we need to get over it.
I wish I had thought up a “future version” whilst I was in school having to read aloud the Lord’s prayer at morning assembly. Would have at least made it more interesting than twisting the lyrics to “Morning Has Broken” when we all had to sing.
That said, though language evolves, you talk and write like the future version today, I still ain’t gonna (“ain’t gonna” really?!?) hire you.
Comedy is the art of…
The problem with the human race is that we eventually take everything for granted.
And we have all lived on Earth for so long we take our planet for granted.
Close to three years in America and I have come to realise something.
The Right hates you because you are physically different.
The Left hates you because you think different.
And then both resort to name clalling as they try to stigmatize whatever it is they don’t like about you.
Applause seems to be an American affectation that is used everywhere and especially when the audience doesn’t know how to react.
Perhaps it is a reaction, in the same way that shock or laughter is, because the audience is not emotionally equipped to deal with the situation?
Has anybody ever studied this?