Today I read a paper titled “Linear Time Recognition Algorithms for Topological Invariants in 3D”
The abstract is:
In this paper, we design linear time algorithms to recognize and determine topological invariants such as the genus and homology groups in 3D.
These properties can be used to identify patterns in 3D image recognition.
This has tremendous amount of applications in 3D medical image analysis.
Our method is based on cubical images with direct adjacency, also called (6,26)-connectivity images in discrete geometry.
According to the fact that there are only six types of local surface points in 3D and a discrete version of the well-known Gauss-Bonnett Theorem in differential geometry, we first determine the genus of a closed 2D-connected component (a closed digital surface).
Then, we use Alexander duality to obtain the homology groups of a 3D object in 3D space.